Would you like to know how to charge an electric car? Charging an EV is easy! You can charge your car at home, at a public charging station or at work. Here is what you need to know before driving to a public charging station:
This guide discusses 3 key places where you can charge an electric vehicle:
1. Home charging
2. Public charging
3. Charging at work
Before we get into those concepts, it's good to know the various terms used for charging stations. They usually all refer to the same thing.
1. Home charging
There are two types of charging at home: level 1 charging and level 2 charging.
Level 1 charging happens when one charges the electric vehicle (EV) using the charger included with the car. These chargers can be plugged with one end into any standard 120V outlet, with the other end plugging directly into the car.
Level 2 chargers are sold separately from the car (although often purchased at the same time). Those chargers need a bit more of a setup, as they are plugged into a 240V outlet, which often requires the work of an electrician.
For an electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid, the use of a level 2 home charging station is recommended to benefit from all the pros of driving electric.
To be continued.....
2. Public charging
This section covers the 3 majors aspects of public charging:
There are 3 standard charging levels to charge your electric car. All electric cars can charge on Level 1 and Level 2 stations. However, some vehicles cannot charge at a Level 3 (also known as a DCFC or fast charger). Knowing your vehicle capabilities is therefore very important.
Before driving to a charging station, it is important to know if your vehicle is compatible with the connectors available. This is especially important for non-Tesla DCFC stations. Some may have just a CHAdeMO connector, others just an SAE Combo CCS connector, and others will have both. Also, some vehicles, like the Chevrolet Volt - a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, is not compatible for Level 3 stations. Make sure you know your vehicle compatibilities before planning a trip.
3. Workplace charging
Workplace charging works very similarly to home charging. It is offered by an employer to their employees. The employees, therefore, have access to parking spaces with charging stations during the day. These stations are usually level 2 stations, and many regions have incentives in place to encourage their implementation.
A longer electric range
When combined with home charging, workplace charging can double your daily electric range. This is particularly interesting for plug-in hybrids, as you can use the electric motor for longer distances and therefore save on fuel.
Level 2 charging allows you to charge faster, which is particularly interesting for part-time employees or for workplaces where employees are not in for the entire day.
Large fuel savings
The electricity costs of workplace charging are often taken on by the employer, which means employees can charge at work for free. In other cases, the employer charges fees to use the charger, but the cost is usually lower than that of a public charging station.
In order to encourage employers to install charging stations for their employees, many governments have put in place programs that reduce purchasing and installation costs, as well as different advantages for the employer. However, many employers are unaware of the existence of these programs, and it falls on interested employees to talk to them about it.